Kashmiri carpets namda
The art of carpet felting was first brought to Kashmir in the late 15th century from Iran. Making cashmere carpets namda is a rare and unique craft in which excellent wool flooring is made using felting technology, not weaving.
Prices for Kashmiri carpets depend on the quality of wool, the availability of embroidery, size and accuracy. Much cheaper colorful floor products made of wool and cotton fiber, which was hand-pressed into the mold. Also, the cost varies depending on the content of wool – namda, which contains 80% wool, more expensive than the one in which it is only 20%. Namda’s marketplace is concentrated in central Kashmir, and the craft continues to be the only source of income for many local artisans.
(Prepared from the Internet)
Every Kashmiri family, whether a rich man’s palace or a poor man’s house, has a culture of sitting on the floor. And when the floor becomes unbearably cold in the winter months with the region’s heavy snowfall, cold winds and sub-zero temperatures to ensure a comfortable and convenient seat on such a floor, locals use namda rugs. They occupy a leading design position in the overall decoration of houses both in Kashmir and abroad.
Namda felt carpets are mostly made of pure wool. Cotton can also be added in different proportions to increase the thickness and whiteness of the final product. However, 100% wool carpets are much warmer. The kat yer sheep's wool required for this technique is purchased locally in Badgam, Pahalgam and Nausher – a state-owned specialized wool sales agency.
Namda consists of many layers (at least three), flattened with each other, and there are usually two types: plain and embroidered carpets. Previously, wool yarn was used for embroidery, but now acrylic (cashmelon) is preferred. Handmade aari kaam embroidery with colorful dyed threads and aari needles is made on traditional namda rugs. There are also examples of some extremely well-made carpets in the technique of applique, which are sewn together pieces of old worn-out namda.