Lampwork. Murano glass

The island of Murano is located in Italy, 3 km north of Venice and is a thriving trading port since the 7th century. Murano became the center of Venetian glass production in 1291, when glass foundries were moved from Venice to reduce the risk of fire.

The methods and tools used by modern craftsmen in the production of Murano glass have not changed much since the Middle Ages.

Murano glass is a chemical glass that is formed when lime, potassium, silica and sodium are mixed together and melted in a very hot furnace that converts materials into liquid.

Using a heating torch and special rods, Murano glass tubes are heated to a molten state and rotated around a metal rod until the desired shape is achieved. Several layers of glass of different colors, as well as gold leaf and silver are used to obtain the desired effect. After the bead is slowly cooled, it is removed from the rod, forming the necessary hole for further stringing.

(Prepared from the Internet)

Murano glassblowers use sophisticated technologies such as crystal glass, enamel glass (smalto), glass with gold threads (aventurine), multicolored glass (millefiori), milk glass (lattimo) and imitation precious stones from glass, creating jewelry that does not have analogues in the world.

To get shiny colors, sequins or metallic effects, artisans add gold or silver foil and minerals: cobalt to create a blue color, copper to create a shine, manganese to create a purple color, zinc to create a white color, and so on.

Most Murano glass beads are made using lampwork technology. The method of working with burners is the most time consuming in the manufacture of glass beads, as each must be formed individually.